如何“对划线部分提问”

初三 > 初三英语

标签: 改写句子

类型:类型题辑

方法归纳

对划线部分提问,即针对句子中的某一成分提出问题,实际上是把一个陈述句变成由特殊疑问词引导的特殊疑问句的过程。要做好这种类型的题目关键在于掌握其特点,选择正确的疑问词。

对划线部分提问的程序:

一代(用疑问词代替划线部分),

二移(把疑问词移至句首)

三倒(颠倒主谓语,但对主语或其定语提问时除外)

四抄(照抄其它部分)一、注意疑问句的语序

1.对句子的主语提问,其语序是:

疑问词+谓语+其他成分?

She is their teacherWho is their teacher

2.对句子主语的定语提问,其语序是:

疑问词+主语+谓语+其他成分?

My book is over thereWhose book is over there

3.对表语、宾语或状语提问,其语序是:

疑问词+一般疑问句?

He lives in BeijingWhere does he live

4.对表语或宾语的定语提问,其语序是:

疑问词+表语或宾语+一般疑问句?

I'm looking for my watchWhose watch are you looking for

二、注意疑问词的选择

1.问whowhom。如:

Li Lei is a doctorWho is a doctor

(对主语提问用who,对宾语提问用who whom均可)

2.问谁的whose。如:

This is his bookWhose book is this

3.问地点where。如:

The ball is under the bedWhere is the ball

4.问原因why。如:

He didn't come because he was illWhy didn't he come

5.问身体状况how。如:

I'm fineHow are you

6.问方式how。如:

He did it in that wayHow did he do it

7.问程度“how +被修饰语。如:

The river is five metres wideHow wide is the river

8.问多少how muchhow many。如:

I have a lot of moneyHow much money do you have

He has been to Shanghai three timesHow many times has he been to Shanghai

9.问多久how longhow soon。如:

He has stayed here for ten daysHow long has he stayed here

He will be back in two hoursHow soon will he be back

how long指动作或状态发生了多久;how soon指动作或状态还有多久将会发生)

10.问动作的发生频率how often。如:

I watch TV twice every weekHow often do you watch TV every week

11.问哪个whichwhat。如:

I like this among these threeWhich do you like among these three

I like English bestWhat do you like best

12.问什么what。如:

There is a book on the deskWhat's on the desk

13.问职业what。如:

My father is a teacherWhat's your father

14.问颜色what colour。如:

The orange is orangeWhat colour is the orange

15.问星期几what day。如:

Today is FridayWhat day is today

16.问几月几日what...date。如:

Today is July 1stWhat's the date today

17.问时间whenwhat time。如:

I go there in the morning When do you go there

It is four o'clockWhat time is it

when既可对点时间提问,也可对年、月、日等时间提问;what time通常只对点时间提问)

练习:

对下列句子中划线部分提问:
1. Tom is eleven.
2. He goes to school by bike.
3. There are five people in his family.
4. There is much milk in the glass.
5. Li Lei watches TV six times a month.
6. Jack sees the movies twice a week.


解题剖析:
1. How old is Tom?
就年龄提问时,应用how old
2. How does he go to school?
就动作、行为方式提问时,疑问词用how
3. How many people are there in his family?
就数词five提问,并且这里people "",单、复数均为本身,故用how many提问。
4. How much milk is there in the glass?
就数量多少提问,而且milk是不可数名词,故应用how much提问。
5. How many times does Li Lei watch TV a month?
这里仅仅就 six times a month 中的six times提问,故用 how many times 表示"多少次"
6. How often does Jack see the movies? twice a week
表示频率,"多长时间一次",故用how often

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