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初一下册知识要点(求详细)非常谢...

问题简介:

初一下册知识要点(求详细)非常谢谢

学生困惑:

初2成绩下降想补
2018-09-26 18:47提问
难易度 : 中等 2018-09-26
思路引导

平时多多积累,才能在考试中取得好成绩。祝你学习快乐。

解答详情

  Unit1 Can you play the guitar?

  ◆短语归纳

  1. play chess 下国际象棋

  2. play the guitar 弹吉他

  3. speak English 说英语

  4. English club 英语俱乐部

  5. talk to 跟…说

  6. play the violin 拉小提琴

  7. play the piano 弹钢琴

  8. play the drums 敲鼓

  9. make friends 结交朋友

  10. do kung fu 练 (中国) 功夫

  11. tell stories 讲故事

  12. play games 做游戏

  13. on the weekend/on weekends 在周末

  ◆用法集萃

  1. play +棋类/球类 下…棋/打…球

  2. play the +西洋乐器 弹/拉…乐器

  3. be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事

  4. be good with sb. 和某人相处地好

  5. need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

  6. can + 动词原形 能/会做某事

  7. a little + 不可数名词 一点儿…

  8. join the…club 加入…俱乐部

  9. like to do sth. =love to do sth. 喜欢/喜爱做某事

  ◆典句必背

  1. —Can you draw? 你会画画吗?

  —Yes, I can./No, I can’t. 是的,我会。/不,我不会。

  2. —What club do you want to join? 你想加入哪个俱乐部?

  —I want to join the chess club. 我想加入国际象棋俱乐部。

  3. You can join the English club. 你可以加入英语俱乐部。

  4. Sounds good./That sounds good. 听上去很好。

  5. I can speak English and I can also play soccer. 我会说英语也会踢足球。

  6. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. 请给米勒夫人拨打电话555-3721。

  ◆话题写作

  主题:介绍自己特长/强项

  Dear Sir,

  I want to join your organization (组织) to help kids with

  sports, music and English.

  My name is Mike. I am 15 years old. I'm a student in No. 1 Middle school. I can play the guitar well. I can sing many songs. I can swim and speak English well, too. I think I can be good with the kids. I also do well in telling stories.

  I hope to get your letter soon.

  Yours,

  Mike

  Unit2 What time do you go to school?

  ◆短语归纳

  1. what time 几点

  2. go to school 去上学

  3. get up 起床

  4. take a shower 洗淋浴

  5. brush teeth 刷牙

  6. get to 到达

  7. do homework 做家庭作业

  8. go to work 去上班

  9. go home 回家

  10. eat breakfast 吃早饭

  11. get dressed 穿上衣服

  12. get home 到家

  13. either…or… 要么…要么…

  14. go to bed 上床睡觉

  15. in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午/下午/晚上

  16. take a walk 散步

  17. lots of=a lot of 许多,大量

  18. radio station 广播电台

  19. at night 在晚上

  20. be late for=arrive late for 迟到

  ◆用法集萃

  1. at + 具体时间点 在几点(几分)

  2. eat breakfast/lunch/dinner 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

  3. thirty/half past +基数词 …点半

  4. fifteen/a quarter to +基数词 差一刻到…点

  5. take a/an+名词 从事…活动

  6. from…to… 从…到…

  7. need to do sth 需要做某事

  ◆典句必背

  1. —What time do you usually get up? 你通常几点钟起床?

  —I usually get up at six thirty. 我通常6:30起床。

  2. That’s a funny time for breakfast. 那是个有趣的早餐时间。

  3. —When do students usually eat dinner? 学生们通常什么时候吃完饭?

  —They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening. 他们通常在晚上6:45吃晚饭。

  4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games.

  在晚上,我要么看电视,要么玩电脑游戏。

  5. At twelve, she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch.

  在十二点,她午餐吃很多水果和蔬菜。

  6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good.她知道它对她没好处,但是尝起来很好。

  7. Here are your clothes. 这是你的衣服。

  ◆话题写作

  主题:谈论日常作息习惯

  My School Day

  I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I eat lunch at twelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed.

  Unit3 How do you get to school?

  ◆短语归纳

  1. get to school 到达学校

  2. take the subway 乘地铁

  3. ride a bike 骑自行车

  4. how far 多远

  5. from home to school 从家到学校

  6. every day 每天

  7. take the bus 乘公共汽车

  8. by bike 骑自行车

  9. bus stop 公共汽车站

  10. think of 认为

  11. between…and… 在…和…之间

  12. one 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩 13.

  play with… 和…玩

  14. come true 实现

  15. have to 不得不

  ◆用法集萃

  1. take…to…= go to…by… 乘…去…

  2. How do/does sb get to…? 某人是怎样到…的?

  3. How far is it from…to…? 从…到…有多远?

  4. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间。 5. How long does it take to do sth.? …花费多长时间?

  6. It is + adj. + to do sth. 做某事是…

  7. Thanks for + n./Ving 感谢你(做)某事。

  ◆典句必背

  1. —How do you get to school? 你怎么去上学?

  —I ride my bike. 我骑自行车。

  2. How far is it from your home to school? 从你家到学校有多远?

  3. How long does it take you to get to school? 去上学花费你多久?

  4. For many students, it is easy to get to school. 对很多学生来说,很容易到达学校。

  5. There is a very big river between their school and the village. 在他们学校和村庄之间有一条很大的河流。

  ◆话题写作

  主题:上学的交通方式

  写作思路:②开篇点题:点出自己的出行方式;②具体内容:自己选择这种交通方式的原因;③结束语: 表明自己的观点。

  The Best Way for Me to Go to School

  Different students go to school in different ways in our school, but I llike to go to school on foot.

  First, I live near the school, so my home is not far from my school. And it takes me a few minutes to get there. Second, there is a crossing on my way to school, and sometimes the traffic is very busy. I think it is safer to go to school on foot. Third, I think walking is good for my health. It’s a kind of sport and it makes me study better.

  So in my opinion, the best way to go to school is on foot. What about you?

  Unit4 Don’t eat in class.

  ◆短语归纳

  1. on time 准时,按时

  2. listen to… 听……

  3. in class 在课上

  4. be late for 做……迟到

  5. have to 不得不

  6. be quiet 安静

  7. go out 外出

  8. do the dishes 清洗餐具

  9. make breakfast 做早饭

  10. make (one’s) bed 铺床

  11. be noisy 吵闹

  12. keep one’s hair short 留短发

  13. play with sb. 和某人一起玩

  14. play the piano 弹钢琴

  15. have fun 玩得高兴

  16. make rules 制订规则

  ◆用法集萃

  1. Don’t + 动词原形+其他。 不要做某事。

  2. help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

  3. too many + 可数名词复数 太多的……

  4. practice doing sth. 练习做某事

  5. be strict with sb. 对某人要求严格

  6. be strict in sth. 对某事要求严格

  7. leave sth sp. 把某物落在某地

  8. keep+宾语+形容词 使……保持某种状态

  9. learn to do sth. 学会做某事

  10. have to do sth. 不得不做某事

  ◆典句必背

  1. Don’t arrive late for class. 上课不要迟到。

  2. Can we bring music players to school? 我们可以带音乐播放器到学校吗?

  3. And we always have to wear the school uniform. 并且我们总是不得不穿校服。

  4. There are too many rules! 有太多的规则!

  5. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen! 不要把脏盘子留在厨房里!

  6. I have to keep my hair short. 我不得不留短发。

  ◆话题写作

  主题:规则

  Dear Tom,

  Thanks for your last letter. You want to know the rules in our school. Now let me tell you about them.

  We can’t arrive late for class. We can’t talk loudly in class. We should keep quiet. When we meet our teachers on our way, we should say hello to them. We can’t eat or drink in class, and we can’t listen to music or play games in class.

  I think we have too many rules. What about yours? Please write and tell me.

  Yours,

  Li Ming

  Unit5 Why do you like pandas?

  ◆短语归纳

  1. kind of 有几分,有点儿

  2. be from/come from 来自于

  3. South Africa 南非

  4. all day 整天

  5. for a long time 很长时间

  6. get lost 迷路

  7. places with food and water 有食物和水的地方

  8. cut down 砍倒

  9. in (great) danger 处于(极大)危险之中

  10. twelve years old 十二岁

  11. things made of ivory 由象牙制成的东西

  ◆用法集萃

  1. —Why…? 为什么……?

  —Because… 因为……

  2. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

  3. want to do sth. 想要做某事

  4. one of+名词复数 ……之一

  5. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事

  6. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事

  7. help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

  8. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

  ◆典句必背

  1. —Why do you like pandas? 你为什么喜欢熊猫?

  —Because they’re kind of interesting. 因为它们有点儿有趣。

  2. —Why does John like koalas? 约翰为什么喜欢树袋熊?

  —Because they’re very cute. 因为它们非常可爱。

  3. —Why don’t you like tigers? 你为什么不喜欢老虎?

  —Because they’re really scary. 因为它们真的吓人。

  4. —Where are lions from? 狮子来自哪里?

  —They’re from South Africa. 它们来自南非。

  5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost. 大象能走很长时间并且从不迷路。

  6. They can also remember places with food and water. 它们也能记住有食物和水的地方。

  7. But elephants are in great danger. 但是,大象处于极大危险之中。

  8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes.

  人们砍倒了许多树,因此,大象渐渐失去它们的家园。

  9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants (over 100,000 before)

  现在仅有大约3000头大象(之前超过10万头大象)。

  10.Isn’t she beautiful? 她难道不美丽吗?

  ◆话题写作

  主题:介绍自己喜欢的动物

  The Animal I Like

  There are many kinds of animals in the world. What animal do I like? Let’s know her.

  Many people like her very much. I also like her. She is from China. She is very cute. She doesn’t eat grass and meat at all. She eats bamboo every day. She is so nice. She is black and white. She has two big black ears and eyes. And she also has black legs and arms.

  What animal is she? She is a panda. I like panda very much. Do you like her? What animal do you like?

  Unit6 I’m watching TV.

  ◆短语归纳

  1. watch TV 看电视

  2. read a newspaper 看报纸

  3. talk on the phone 通过电话交谈

  4. listen to music 听音乐

  5. use the computer 使用电脑

  6. make soup 做汤

  7. wash the dishes 洗餐具

  8. kind of 有点儿

  ◆用法集萃

  1. —What + be+ 主语+ doing? ……正在做什么?

  —主语+ be + doing sth. ……正在做某事。

  2. I’d love/like to do sth. 我愿意做某事。

  3. any other+可数名词单数 其他任何一个……

  4. wish to do sth. 希望做某事

  ◆典句必背

  1. —Why are you doing? 你在做什么?

  —I’m watching TV. 我在看电视。

  2. —What’s she doing? 她在做什么?

  —She’s washing her clothes. 她在洗她的衣服。

  3. —What are they doing? 他们在做什么?

  —They’re listening to a CD. 他们在听一张CD 唱片。

  4. —Are you doing your homework? 你在做你的家庭作业吗?

  —Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. I’m cleaning my room. 是的,我在做。/不,我没有。我在打扫我的房间。

  5. Zhu Hui misses his family and wishes to have his mom’s delicious zongzi.

  朱辉思念他的家人并希望吃上他妈妈的可口粽子。

  ◆话题写作

  主题:描述正在发生的事情

  It’s seven o’clock in the evening. Kate’s family are all at home.

  Kate is doing her homework. Her father is reading a book. Her mother is watching TV. Her grandfather is listening to the radio and her grandmother is cleaning the room. Her sister, Betty, is playing computer games.

  They are all enjoying themselves


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